A mummy is a corpse whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or incidental exposure to chemicals, extreme coldness (ice mummies), very low humidity, or lack of air when bodies are submerged in bogs. Presently, the oldest discovered (naturally) mummified human corpse was a decapitated head dated as 6,000 years old and was found in 1936.The most famous Egyptian mummies are those of seti i and Rameses II (13th century BC), though the earliest known Egyptian mummy, nicknamed 'Ginger' for its hair color, dates back to approximately 3300 BC
There are more than 1000 mummies in dry Xinjiang China . Over one million animal mummies have been found in Egypt, many of which are cat . There are so called mummies of mythical beings.
埃及木乃伊的过程(The Egyptian mummification process)
- Taking out some parts of the body, such as the stomach, brain and lungs
- Putting the salt of wadi el natroun, inside and outside.
- Putting the body in a pottery incubator
- Closing the incubator and making only a small opening in the top of the incubator
- Putting the pottery incubator on fire (the body must not touch the incubator, by putting the body on a pottery bed )
- Until the hot air which is raising from the opening, reached an exactly degree, we stop the fire
- Closing the incubator tightly
- Putting the incubator in the sun to a period, depending on: the weather and the volume of the body
- We break the incubator, and get out the body, putting perfumes on the body, then wrapping with clothes and putting in a place with no humidity
Mummy in the history museum of Jing zhou In China a few mummies were found, with complete bodies and organs (brains, stomachs were also present from 2,500 year old mummies), and are able to be moved and articulated with care.